Removing PFAS (Including PFOA and PFOS) From Drinking Water

Posted on 09. Dec, 2019 by in All Blogs, Contaminants, Drinking Water Systems, Water Problems

pfas in drinking water

In February of 2019, the EPA released an “Action Plan” on how they will be addressing the “forever” chemicals known as PFAS.

PFAS, or “Per and Polyflouroalkyl Substances,” are found in the food we eat, products we use, and even the water we drink. Recently in Connecticut, the potential health risks of PFAS were brought to light when large amounts of Firefighting Foam made their way into the Farmington River after it was used to put out an aircraft fire at Bradley Airport.

This raised concern about how local wells could be impacted with the runoff of the foam containing these chemicals.

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Chemicals In Drinking Water – PFOA, PFOS and PFAS

Posted on 09. Dec, 2019 by in All Blogs, Contaminants, Drinking Water Systems

chemicals in drinking water

The EPA recently released information about a growing health concern in our drinking water. Man-made chemicals called PFAS. PFAS stands for “Per and Polyflouroalkyl Substances.”

Sound scary? They can be. What are They, Exactly?

  • PFOA is Perfluorooctanoic Acid
  • PFOS is Perfluorooctane Sulfonate
  • PFAS is a “catch-all” name that includes PFOA and PFOS

How Am I Exposed To These Chemicals?

PFAS are everywhere, in the soil, the products we use and even the food we eat. They have even been found in drinking water supplies. The EPA estimates that almost all the people in the US have been exposed to PFAS.

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Odor In Your Well Water – Tips and Treatment Options

Posted on 24. Nov, 2019 by in All Blogs, Water Problems

well water odor

What in the well is that smell!? When you pour a glass of water, run the water for washing dishes, or fill the water bowl for your pet, you may notice an unpleasant aroma and ask yourself this question.

Different smells mean different things. Some may be simple seasonal changes in your water, and will eventually disappear on their own. Others can signify ongoing issues that need special treatment. Find out which water problems correspond to each smell, and tips on how to fix the issue. 

“Irony” or “Metallic” Smell

  • Most common complaint from customers in CT
  • Water has actual iron in it
  • Often accompanied by orange staining in fixtures and toilets

How Do I Fix It?

Sulfur or Rotten Egg Smell

  • Water has Hydrogen Sulfide gas in it
  • Produced by Sulfate Reducing Bacteria
  • Can also be produced by Iron Bacteria 
  • Anode Rod in hot water heater is breaking down (hot water only)

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Can a Portable Generator Run My Submersible Well Pump?

Posted on 11. Nov, 2019 by in All Blogs, Well Pumps

Unfortunately, longer term power outages seem to be happening more frequently each year, and if you have a submersible well pump, no power means no water.

Be sure to check the pump’s Starting Amps to your generator’s capabilities. It is not uncommon for a submersible pump’s starting amps to be 3-5 times higher than running amps.This means if you try to run your pump from your generator it may not work and you will still be without water, despite other appliances in your home running.

Generator Types: 

 There are two types of generators. You need to know which type of generator you have. Consult your generator’s owner’s manual.

1) Internally Regulated

2) Externally Regulated


Pump Types: 

2-Wire Submersible Pump: 

  • Starting capacitor is located inside the pump 
  • H2O exclusively recommends and installs 2-Wire, Franklin Submersible Pumps

3-Wire Submersible Pump:

  • Starting capacitor is located outside the pump
  • Will have a small box mounted on the wall near your pressure tank

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How Long Does A Well Pressure Tank Last?

Posted on 04. Sep, 2019 by in All Blogs, Well Pressure Tank

A quality well pressure tawell pressure tanknk will last 10-15 years – or even longer. Cheap tanks will last maybe 5 years or less.

The difference is in the quality of the bladder inside the tank and the external service connector.

The bladder holds the water inside the tank. During water usage the bladder fills up and empties out. This happens 20+ times a day. Over time the bladder becomes weak and breaks. Cheaper tanks use cheaper bladders which break prematurely.

The other inferior area is the service connector – where the household plumbing connects to the well tank. Quality tanks have metal service connectors. Cheap tanks use plastic – which can prematurely crack and break. And flood your basement. Continue reading “How Long Does A Well Pressure Tank Last?” »

Reverse Osmosis System For Drinking Water

Posted on 26. Aug, 2019 by in All Blogs, Drinking Water Systems, Water Treatment

Reverse osmosis kitchen sink

Is Reverse Osmosis water unhealthy? The answer is no.

Reverse Osmosis is a powerful process that removes hundreds of contaminants – some you will never even know about, at a fraction of the cost of bottled water.  Reverse Osmosis will treat your tap water at the kitchen sink by forcing water through a series of filters and a membrane – trapping contaminants – and sending them down the drain. 

Here are some RO Myth’s and the facts about reverse osmosis water.

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How Often Should I Change My Sediment Filter?

Posted on 07. Aug, 2019 by in All Blogs, Sediment Filter

whole house sediment filter

Every 3 months is a good place to start. But every well is different, and water quality can change depending on the time of year, weather, and water usage.

Change your filter when you notice a decrease in water pressure, or (if applicable) your sulfur odor returns. Do not be concerned if your filter looks “dirty,” even if you just replaced it! You are seeing all the iron, sediment and muck that would otherwise end up in your plumbing, water treatment equipment, and fixtures.

If you are replacing your filter too frequently there are few things to consider:

How much water are you using?

  • The more water you use, the more sediment passes through the filter, clogging it.
  • Check your home for any dripping faucets or stuck toilets.
  • You would be surprised how much extra water they waste

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Well Pressure Tanks – What Size Do You Need?

Posted on 22. Jul, 2019 by in All Blogs, Well Pressure Tank

Well Pressure Tank in CT

Most residential pressure tanks come in 5 sizes. Roughly, 20, 30, 50, 60 and 80 gallons.

What most people don’t realize is that pressure tanks don’t hold that much water. A general guideline is that 1/3 of the tank holds water and the rest is air. Why air?

Air is compressed inside the tank and creates pressure. The air inside your tank helps to push the water up and into your sinks and showers. A properly functioning storage tank must have air. Or – it won’t work.

To determine the proper tank size– follow this simple guideline.

  1. Get two 5-gallon buckets.
  2. Run water full blast into the bucket/s for exactly one minute with a garden hose. Just be sure no other water is running.
  3. Count the gallons.
  4. Take that number and multiply it by 4.
  5. Then round up.

For example, you ran water into your buckets for 1 minute and counted 6 gallons of water. Multiply 6 by 4 to get 24. Round up to 30. You need a 30- gallon storage tank.

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How To Remove Uranium From Well Water?

Posted on 26. Jun, 2019 by in All Blogs, Contaminants, Water Problems, Water Treatment

There are only TWO accepted AND practical ways recognized by the EPA to remove uranium from your water: 

  1. Reverse Osmosis – (RO)
  2. Ion Resin System

Reverse Osmosis Systems

Reverses Osmosis – aka RO System – is like a water filter on steroids. It can remove a wide range of contaminants such as uranium from your water at the SUB-micron level (super small). The RO system contains special filters and a membrane that filter the uranium out of your water.

Big RO or Little RO

There are two types of RO systems. There is a small RO system that is installed at your kitchen sink OR a very large RO system that is installed to filter your entire house.

Reverse osmosis uranium waterWhen installed at your kitchen sink it is called a “Point of Use” RO system, aka POU RO.  

If it is installed to treat the whole house it is called a “Point of Entry” RO system, aka POE RO.

A POU RO at the kitchen sink is about 80% LESS expensive than the Whole House RO. It’s very affordable and very effective at removing uranium but the POU RO does NOT treat the entire home. And the whole house RO system is usually well over $10,000.  Instead, we recommend ….

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How Much Uranium is Safe in Drinking Water?

Posted on 26. Jun, 2019 by in All Blogs, Contaminants, Water Problems

uranium drinking waterUranium is a hot topic in CT as an increasing number of homeowners are testing positive for this contaminant in their well water. But is there an actual safe level? As far as drinking water goes, Connecticut follows the US EPA Drinking Water Guidelines – called Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL).

The MCL for Uranium is: 30 micrograms per liter (30 ug/L PPB)

Uranium is measured in micrograms. To put it in perspective, 1 cup of water holds 236,588.24 micrograms. The EPA set a limit of 30 micrograms of uranium in one LITER of water which is 4.23 cups. That means the MCL per CUP of water is about 7 micrograms. A tiny amount with a big worry.

One interesting point is that the World Health Organization AND the EPA are pushing for a ZERO level of uranium in drinking water.  And our Canadian friends to the North have already set their Uranium levels LOWER than ours at:

  • MCL 20 micrograms per liter (20 ug/l)

Continue reading “How Much Uranium is Safe in Drinking Water?” »